Under guidelines of Union Grants
Commission (UGC), Dr. V. S. Krishna Govt. Degree College (A),
Visakhapatnam introducted Choice based Credit System (CBCS)
from during the academic year of 2014-15.
Year: Two consecutive (one odd + one even) semesters
constitute one academic year.
2. Choice Based Credit System
(CBCS): The CBCS provides choice for students
to select from the prescribed courses (core, elective or minor
or soft skill courses).
3. Course: Usually
referred to, as ‘papers’ is a component of a programme. All
courses need not carry the same weight. The courses should define
learning objectives and learning outcomes. A course may be designed
to comprise lectures/ tutorials/laboratory work/ field work/
outreach activities/ project work/ vocational training/viva/
seminars/ term papers/assignments/ presentations/ self-study
etc. or a combination of some of these.
4. Credit Based Semester System
(CBSS): Under the CBSS, the requirement for
awarding a degree or diploma or certificate is prescribed in
terms of number of credits to be completed by the students.
5. Credit Point:
It is the product of grade point and number of credits for a
6. Credit: A unit
by which the course work is measured. It determines the number
of instructions required per week. One credit is equivalent
to one hour of teaching (lecture or tutorial) or two hours of
practical work/field work per week.
7. Cumulative Grade Point Average
(CGPA): It is a measure of overall cumulative
performance of a student over all semesters. The CGPA is the
ratio of total credit points secured by a student in various
courses in all semesters and the sum of the total credits of
all courses in all the semesters. It is expressed up to two
8. Grade Point:
It is a numerical weight allotted to each letter grade on a
9. Letter Grade:
It is an index of the performance of students in a said course.
Grades are denoted by letters O,
A+, A, B+, B, C, P and F.
An educational programme leading to award of a Degree, diploma